United Nations University
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The United Nations University (国際連合大学, Kokusai Rengō Daigaku?) (UNU) is a United Nations agency established in Tokyo in 1973 to “research into the pressing global problems of human survival, development and welfare that are the concern of the United Nations and its agencies”. It is a think tank for the United Nations and the member states. Its creation was set in motion by Secretary-General U Thant in 1969.
The university motto is “Advancing knowledge for human security, peace, and development”.
The United Nations University provides educational opportunities to researchers, mainly at the graduate and post-graduate level, through an extensive range of fellowship schemes. It operates through a number of research centres around the world where research fellows or Ph.D. students from other universities, especially those in developing countries, can come to do research. UNU is headed by a Rector and is headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. It does not receive any funding from the regular UN budget; it relies entirely on voluntary contributions from member states which are currently valued at US$350 million. The budget of UNU is approximately US$37 million per annum. UNU relocated its Institute of Advanced Studies to the Minato Mirai 21 development in Yokohama, Japan in March 2004.
The UNU has its own press (UNU Press) and publishes a number of books every year. Research at the Tokyo headquarters is carried out by the UNU Institute for Sustainability and Peace (UNU-ISP) formed with the merger of the ‘Peace and Governance’ and ‘Environment and Sustainable Development’ programmes in 2009.
As of January 2006, UNU-INTECH and the Maastricht Economic Research Institute of Innovation and Technology (MERIT) from the Maastricht University fused into UNU-MERIT with MERIT director Luc Soete as its new director.
The United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER) is the first UNU research and training centre, located in Helsinki, Finland, established in 1984.
 Structure and campuses
- Headquarters in Tokyo, Japan and Bonn, Germany with offices at UN Headquarters New York and UNESCO Headquarters Paris
- UNU Office at the United Nations (UNU-ONY) in New York, at United Nations headquarters
- UNU Office in Paris (UNU-OP), at UNESCO headquarters
- UNU – Institute of Advanced Studies (UNU-IAS) in Yokohama, Japan – strategic approaches to sustainable development
- UNU – World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER) in Helsinki, Finland – development economics
- UNU – Institute for Sustainability and Peace (UNU-ISP) in Tokyo, Japan – sustainability, peace, international cooperation
- UNU – Maastricht Economic and Social Research and Training Centre on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT) in Maastricht, Netherlands – socio-economic impacts of new technologies
- UNU – Institute for Natural Resources in Africa (UNU-INRA) in Accra, Ghana – natural resources management
- UNU – International Institute for Software Technology (UNU-IIST) in Macau S.A.R., China – software technologies for development
- UNU – Programme for Biotechnology in Latin America and the Caribbean (UNU-BIOLAC) in Planta Baja, Venezuela – biotechnology and society
- UNU – International Network on Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH) in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada – water, environment and human health
- UNU – Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU-CRIS) in Bruges, Belgium – regional integration and global governance,
- UNU – Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) in Bonn, Germany – environment and human security
- UNU – Food and Nutrition Programme for Human and Social Development (UNU-FNP) in Ithaca, New York – food and nutrition capacity building
- UNU – Land Restoration Training Programme (UNU-LRT) in Reykjavík, Iceland – sustainable land management and restoration of degraded land
- UNU – Geothermal Training Programme (UNU-GTP) in Reykjavík, Iceland – geothermal research, exploration and development
- UNU – Fisheries Training Programme (UNU-FTP) in Reykjavík, Iceland – postgraduate fisheries research and development
- UNU – International Institute for Global Health (UNU-IIGH), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia – global health
As well as these main campuses, there are several “associated institutions” with which the UNU works closely.